Afro-Brazilian Umbanda devotees in worship
In order to escape persecution, the Yoruban Gods, called Orixás, “disguised themselves” as the Saints of the oppressor. For instance, Ogum, the warrior god is also Saint George; Yemanjá, mother and Goddess of the Ocean is equivalent to Mary. While some cults were formed out of the desire to preserve the African culture (and thus retained its homogeneity), Umbanda would emerge out of the significant encounter between the Africans that managed to escape slavery, the indigenous culture and an European component.
Every year in summer thousands of pilgrims from all over Haiti make the religious journey to the Saut d’Eau waterfall (100km north of Port-au-Prince). It is believed that 150 years ago the spirit of Virgin Mary (Our Lady of Mount Carmel) has appeared on a palm tree close to the waterfall. This place became a main pilgrimage site in Haiti since then. Haitians wearing only underwear perform a bathing and cleaning ritual under the 100-foot-high waterfall. Voodoo followers (many Haitians practise both voodoo and catholicism) hope that Erzulie Dantor, the Voodoo spirit of water, manifest itself and they get possessed for a short moment, touched by her presence.
Carmen Joseph, a caterer and mother of eight children in Bluefields, Nicaragua, prepares potato salad as her granddaughter Britney Cash, 5, stands by. ‘Some folks don’t say they are what they are,’ she said. ‘You see, I am black, and I raised my family up knowing they were black.’ (Charles Trainor Jr./Miami Herald)
There has been a slow but dramatic shift in consciousness among blacks here(Nicaragua) and throughout Latin America. In something akin to the civil-rights movement in the United States — without the lynchings, bombings and mass arrests — blacks are pushing for more rights and reclaiming their cultural identity.
Throughout the month of November, TVE Bahia will display a schedule with movies and documentaries that place culture african highlighted that can be afforded, too, through the portal www.irdeb.ba.gov.br
Saramaccan women clad in colorful panyi and kamisa cultural wear tied in complicated knots around their waists and upper bodies, headscarves around their heads, Emancipation Day celebration at Saramacca River village of Santigron,Suriname
The Saramaka or Saramacca are one of six Maroon (black slaves who had escaped from slavery and set up independent communities beyond colonists’ control) Samaraccan Atlantic Creole-speaking peoples in the Republic of Suriname. The Saramaka people are one of the largest Maroon tribes in Suriname and they were formerly called “Bush Negroes.” In the beginning of mid-2010, the people formerly known as “Saramaka” began calling themselves, in their official documents in English, “Saamaka,” to conform to their own pronunciation. This was after the tribe gain international prominence when they won international right to settle on their indigenous land case against the Republic of Suriname at IACtHR, Saramaka People v Suriname in November 28, 2007.